Thanks Sheila I'm wee bit slow but I've got it now.
I won't put all my connections up to save everyone the pain, but cheers.
21. In his recent work -- The Early Days of Christianity, Canon Farrar remarks: --
"Some have supposed a pleasant play of words founded on it, as . . . .
between Chrestos ('sweet' Ps. xxx., iv.,
and Christos (Christ),"
(I. p. 158, footnote). But there is nothing to suppose, since it began
by a "play of words," indeed. The name Christus was not "distorted into Chrestus,"
as the learned author would make his readers believe (p. 19), but it was
the adjective and noun Chrestos which became distorted into Christus,
and applied to Jesus. In a footnote on the word "Chrestian," occurring
in the First Epistle of Peter (chap. iv., 16), in which in the revised
later MSS. the word was changed into Christian, Canon Farrar remarks again,
"Perhaps we should read the ignorant heathen distortion, Chrestian."
Most decidedly we should; for the eloquent writer should remember
his Master's command to render unto Caesar that which is Caesar's.
His dislike notwithstanding, Mr. Farrar is obliged to admit that
the name Christian was first INVENTED, by the sneering, mocking Antiochians,
as early as A.D. 44, but had not come into general use before the
persecution by Nero. "Tacitus," he says, "uses the word Christians
with something of apology. It is well known that in the N. T. it only
occurs three times, and always involves a hostile sense (Acts xi. 26, xxvi. 28
as it does in iv. 16)." It was not Claudius alone who looked with alarm and
suspicion on the Christians, so nicknamed in derision for their carnalizing
a subjective principle or attribute, but all the pagan nations. For Tacitus,
speaking of those whom the masses called "Christians," describes them as
a set of men detested for their enormities and crimes. No wonder, for history
repeats itself. There are, no doubt, thousands of noble, sincere, and virtuous
Christian-born men and women now. But we have only to look at the viciousness
of Christian "heathen" converts; at the morality of those proselytes in India,
whom the missionaries themselves decline to take into their service, to draw
a parallel between the converts of 1800 years ago, and the modern heathens
"touched by grace."
26. "Christianus quantum interpretatione de unctione deducitas. Sed ut cum
preferam Chrestianus pronunciatus a vobis (nam nec nominis certa est
notitia penes vos) de suavitate vel benignitate compositum est."
Canon Farrar makes a great effort to show such lapsus calami by various
Fathers as the results of disgust and fear. "There can be little doubt,"
he says (in the Early Days of Christianity) "that the name Christian was
a nick-name due to the wit of the Antiochians ... It is clear that the
sacred writers avoided the name (Christians) because it was employed by
their enemies (Tac. Ann. xv. 44). It only became familiar when the virtues
of Christians had shed luster upon it " This is a very lame excuse,
and a poor explanation to give for so eminent a thinker as Canon Farrar.
As to the "virtues of Christians" ever shedding luster upon the name,
let us hope that the writer had in his mind's eye neither Bishop Cyril,
of Alexandria, nor Eusebius, nor the Emperor Constantine, of murderous fame,
nor yet the Popes Borgia and the Holy Inquisition.
Agotacs and Cagots, outcasts of unknown origins.
Picture beside. Cagots had to wait for the french revolution to be considered as normal persons, but even today people try to forget their cagot ancestors...
The despised Agotacs or Cagots were said to be the descendants of Visigoths. According to a tradition in the village of Ainoa in the Pyrenees mountains, their ancestors had been defeated and the survivors had remained there, becoming the Agotacs. In the church, they had a separate entrance and separate benches, very often they were hidden behind a wooden panel and could see neither the priest nor the altar. They were not permitted to have horses, weapons and dogs. They couldn’t trade or nor sell their production. During market days, they had to wait until the end of the fair to buy goods. They were not allowed to touch the goods, except with a stick freshly sharpened. They were not permitted to walk barefoot and they had to wear a red mark on their clothes that had the form of a duck-foot. They were not allowed to marry with a non-cagot.
Side picture. Above the main door of the house, the Agotacs had to carve a head. Some houses still have this symbol of segregation, but most of the time, this mark has been removed.
They were said to be courageous, hard workers, talented at woodwork: they were excellent carpenters, in charge of building mills, bridges, houses, wagons, boats and also barrels, everything to store and carry goods as if their ancestors had been specialists of the trade. They were also fearless whale hunters in Capbreton, Biarritz, Bidart, Guétary and Ciboure. Agotacs were not specific to the coast. At least 363 communities existed in Gascony. Such communities also existed in Navarra and Biscay in Spain. Nobody really knows who they were. The word Agote (or Cagot, Gahets, Capots, according to the areas) appeared during the fourteenth century. Before that, their ancestors were called Crestias. They first appeared around the year 1000 according to the Cartulaire de Lucq.
Eighteen years after the Vikings had been defeated…